In the Daily Telegraph Atlas of the World Today, a phase captioned: “Nations in Turmoil”, shows that we stay in a turbulent world. Africa figures prominently in this segment as ordinary in phrases of internal disturbances, border disputes and casualties from wars.1 In that identical Atlas, under overseas resource, Africa is represented as a key recipient of foreign useful resource What is truth in the Bible amongst nations of the so-referred to as Third World.2 But no matter the plight of our human beings, a very good sum of the resource obtained is going into navy expenditure.
In addressing the topic handy, I will recollect the following:
The Biblical definition of Truth and Reconciliation
The Biblical expression of Truth
The Non-negotiable pre-requisites of Reconciliation
God’s initiative in Reconciliation.
THE BIBLICAL DEFINITION OF TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION:
What is Biblical Truth? The Bible is full of definitions, descriptions and examples in regard to reality.
In its numerous uses the word happens 113 times in the O.T. (Gen. Four instances; Ex. 2.)
The variety of occurrences of the word in the N.T. Is 108
Hence, the phrase Truth is no mean phrase in the complete Bible.
Etymologically, the Old Testament word for fact is EMETH, translated within the Septuagnt as aletheia with double meanings: (a) Objectively, it manner the fact of an appearance or a simply verified significance of a rely, including non secular truth (Rom. 1:25), and mainly, Christian doctrine (Gal. 2:5). (b) Subjectively, it means truthfulness, sincerity and integrity of individual (Jn. Eight:forty four: 3 Jn. 3) as may be visible inside the following phrases – to talk the fact (Rom. 9; ii Cor, 12:6; Eph. 4:25); and to do the fact (Jn. 1:6).3
In maintaining with the foregoing definition, “God’s fact and faithfulness are to be pondered in his human beings’s lives. So the King, who represented God as His ruler, have to show faithfulness, be a Champion of Truth and be prepared to reveal whatever is arbitrary or fake (Ps. Forty five:4; Zech. 7:nine). He have to carefully adhere to God’s regulation (Prov.29:14)”. According to Christianity, Jesus who is the embodiment of Truth broadcasts to the Praises, Sadducees and Scribes – “You will recognise the Truth and the Truth will make you loose” (Jn. Eight:32).
What is Reconciliation?
Reconciliation and Truth are bed-fellows. Reconciliation is all the time absent wherever fact is missing or omitted. This word is also a key phrase within the vocabulary of the entire Bible. Though its use isn’t always as enormous because the word “Truth”, but it confirmed by way of using 4 verbs and one noun: (a) Kaphar – to cover, make atonement (Lev. 6:30, sixteen:20; Ezek. 45:20); (b) Ratsah – to make self desirable (1 Sam. 29:4); (c) Apokatallato – to alternate very well from (Eph. 2:sixteen; Col. 1:20, 21); (d) Katallasso – to trade very well (2 Cor. 5:18, 19); (e) Kattalage – a radical exchange (n) (Rom. 11:15; 2 Cor. 5:18, 19).Four
Therefore, searching at the foregoing analysis of the phrase, one must then conclude that during or order to mediate reconciliation a extraordinary deal of masking of incorrect and thorough change has to take region in each the offender and the offended. Much is involved in order to triumph over enmity or dispose of the cause of a quarrel. “We might also apologize for the hasty phrase, we may additionally pay the cash due, we may make what reparation or restitution is suitable. But in every case the way to reconciliation lies via the effective grappling with the rot purpose of the enmity.”five That is a summary of the biblical definition of the phrases – Truth and Reconciliation. Without fact, reconciliation is not possible.
THE BIBLICAL EXPRESSION OF THE TRUTH
This section have to preferably be known as the sensible biblical expression of the Truth. God’s fact is not to be construed continually as philosophical or ideological. It is sensible in lots of aspects:
In regard to God’s creation in Gen. 1 and a couple of: these chapters narrate the reality of the creation drama in two strands – (a) The Cosmological strand gives an in depth photo of advent: Creation of earth, light and probable angles; separation of the top and decrease waters through area; advent of plant life; introduction of the sun, moon and stars; introduction of fish and chook; advent of land animals and man; advent become completed and man rests. In the second strand of Creation – the anthropological strand (in Genesis Chapter ), we see a summary of God’s creative act. It facilities round guy (Adam and Eve) and is complementary, now not contradictory to the primary.
One ought to research four truths from this -fold introduction tale: Creation confirms the fact approximately Divine possession (“In the begging God create the Heavens and the Earth” – Gen. 1:1). This truth refutes six philosophies – Atheism, Polytheism, Evolution, Pantheism, Materialism and Fatalism. 2 – Creation is declared correct through the Creator six times (Gen. 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31). 3 – Creation is to be looked after by guy (Gen. 1:27 – 29; 2:15). Four – Man violates the fact about divine possession and human duty (Gen. Three).
In regard to reciprocal dating (Exo. 20:1 – 10). Biblical truth is also expressed with reference to reciprocal relationships – as it relates to divine right: “Thou shall have no different gods before me; Thou shall now not make unto thee any graven image; Thou shall no longer take the name of The Lord Thy God in Vain; consider the Sabbath day to keep it holy. The fact of the problem is, God calls for no competitors and needs absolute worship.
As it pertains to human right: Honour thy father and mother; Thou shall now not kill; Thou shall no longer devote adultery; Thou shall now not thieve; Thou shall not endure fake witness; Thou shall now not covet.
The Biblical expression of Truth in regard to God’s introduction in Gen. 1 and a pair of, and in regard to reciprocal relationships having to do with divine and human proper ought to never be neglected or violated. The global, Africa and Sierra Leone in particular will never be in peace till we are facing up squarely to the Truth approximately God’s divine proper, human right and responsibility.
THE NON-NEGOTIABLE PRE-REQUISITES OF RECONCILIATION
Where the fact about divine right, human right and obligation has been violated time without quantity, the perpetrator and the indignant can not come to the round desk of reconciliation except the proper conditions or pre-requirements are installed region. Otherwise what we get is a parody of reconciliation. Therefore, among Truth and Reconciliation, what must fill that hole are Justice, Repentance, and Forgiveness:
Justice – This word comes from Hebrew phrases: (a) Tsedeq or Tsedeqah, which means rightness or righteousness. It further connotes “that which ought to be so, that which fits up to a sandard”.6 The 2nd phrase is mishpat. “The noun mishpat can describe the whole method of litigation or its quit, normally case law, based on past precedents (Ex. 21-23). Mishpat is what needs to be accomplished in a given situation if human beings and occasions are to be restored in conformity with tsedeq or tsedeqah (i.E. Rightness or righteousness).7 As a lecturer, students every now and then tempt me to confuse my understanding of justice. They might inquire from me to excuse them from attending a specific class because of occasions past their manipulate. But in granting them permission, they every so often expect me to mark them present. Justice requires one to make proper judgment in terms of the usual that has been set.
Repentance – this is the requirement of Justice. In both the Old and New Testaments, the verbs nacham and metanoew imply to alternate one’s thoughts or reason, for this reason, to repent (Jer. 4:28; 1 Kgs 15:29; Lk. 17:three, four). The noun, metanoia way, an after-though, alternate of mind, repentance from sin (see 1 Jn. 1:8-10). The perpetrator who humbly submits to the decision of justice will repent in tears and be a good citizen in God’s Kingdom whether or not on Earth or in Heaven.
Forgiveness – “In the scripture, forgiveness happens each time human beings who have violated God’s will cry out for and receive His mercy. It is different from mercy itself, which is God’s staying His hand of deserved judgment. Forgiveness starts with the acknowledge of 1’s guilt (1 Jn. 1:nine) in God’s eyes.”eight This is the degree wherein the perpetrator and the indignant begin to sense relaxed with each different because the barrier that existed prior to this time has been protected (Kaphan), lifted up (nasa), sent away (salach), loosed away (apoluo, sent or allow off (aphiemi).9
Without justice, repentance and forgiveness reconciliation is not possible and people who expect it may be working in useless.
RECONCILIATION IS GOD’S INITIATIVE
By initiative, I suggest God takes the lead or first step due to the fact it is His preference and motive. Two passages in each the Old and New Testaments set forth the concept of God’s initiative in reconciliation. To start with, we be aware that “Yahweh said to Abram, leave your united states of america, your own family and your father’s house, for the land I will display you. I will make you a awesome state. I will bless you and make your name fantastic, and you may be a blessing. I will bless you, and whoever courses you, I will curse, and in you absolutely everyone of the Earth could be blessed” (Gen. 12:1-three). The New Testament counterpart is a success of the Old Testament passage. It reads: “Because in Christ, God reconciled the world with Himself, now not contemplating their trespasses and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. So we present ourselves as ambassadors in the call of Christ, as if God Himself makes an appeal to you via us. Let God reconcile you; this we ask in the name of Christ” (2 Cor. Five:19, 20). In both Old Testament and New Testament passages we have a look at the subsequent:
(1) God takes the initiative to reconcile. (2) Man’s sin does not decide God from reconciling guy to Himself. (three) The beneficiaries of reconciliation have themselves been entrusted with the ministry of reconciliation. This message of reconciliation is given from generation to technology starting with the book of Genesis in lots of specific methods:
Reconciliation is Typologised – the dictionary definition of a kind is that it is a category of factor having common characteristics; man or woman or component or occasion serving as instance or symbol or traits specimen of a class”.10 Two kinds quite simply come to thoughts:
(a) coats of skin made for Adam and Eve before they had been sent out of the Garden (Gen. 3:21). “The coats of pores and skin have been God’s provision for restoring Adam and Eve’s fellowship with Himself and suggest slaying of an animal so as to provide them.11
(b) the alternative type I would like to mention is the brass serpent in Numbers 21:4-9. The tale is that in their journey in the desert they, as usual murmured against God and Moses announcing, “wherefore have ye delivered us up out of Egypt to die in the desolate tract? For there is no bread, nor is there any water, and our soul loathes and that they killed many. The people repented and requested Moses to plead to God on their behalf. The Lord command Moses to make a serpent of brass and set it upon a pole so that whoever regarded upon it is probably healed. Moses did as asked and the people had been healed. The brass serpent is a form of Christ’s loss of life at the cross.
Reconciliation is Dramatized – Apart from different events; one outstanding incident where reconciliation is dramatized is within the Lord’s Supper. All three Gospels report the incident of the Lord’s Supper albeit with slight variations. But the primary elements and reason which is the remission of sins main to reconciliation are preserved in every Gospel. This drama of salvation history is once more discovered to the Corinthians with the aid of Paul who moreover emphasised amongst different things, the duty of the player which is – to bear in mind Christ, take a look at oneself and proclaim the death of Christ until He comes (1 Cor. 11:23-34).
Reconciliation is Actualized – Theologically speaking, for my part; there’s a feel in which the typological and dramatic aspects of reconciliation are prophetic whereas this third thing is reconciliation’s achievement. This is the real crucifixion and demise of Jesus Christ recorded by using a all four Gospels (Mt. 27:27-sixty six; Mr. 15:21-47; Lk. 23:26-55; Jn. 19:17-42).12
As a ways as reconciliation is involved, God uses sorts, drama and Christ’s act on the go apart from the written phrase. Reconciliation is God’s initiative.
The remedying of our gift quandary have to be the duty of all Sierra Leoneans however the present democratic authorities should lead us all in this be counted. It could be nonsensical to have a those who are willing to paintings for the improvement of the united states while the authorities they’ve chosen is because it had been the champion and architect of all varieties of corruption. The remedy the authorities is to offer must be three-fold:
(a) make its organizational shape a kind or model of reconciliation
(b) make the daily running of government ministries a drama of reconciliation
(c) make the progressed way of lifestyles of the people the actualization of reconciliation.
In addressing the subject: “What the Bible says approximately Truth and Reconciliation. And its software in Sierra Leone.” I have taken into account the subsequent:
The Biblical definition of Truth and Reconciliation
The Biblical expression of Truth
The Non-negotiable pre-specifications of Reconciliation and God’s initiative in Reconciliation.
God wrote the Scriptures and spoke reconciliation however principally He made the people see it thru types, drama and acts. It is, consequently, the duty of this government, the church and each citizen not handiest to writ and communicate reconciliation, however to typologize, dramatize and actualize it in day by day deeds in order that the wrongdoer and the offended can live harmoniously again and make this country a heaven of rest for all. Another classical passage that epitomizes reconciliation is the tale of the prodigal son in Luke Chapter 15. The Father initiates reconciliation through love; the Prodigal Son concepts reconciliation via repentance; the servants worked for reconciliation through duty. But the elder brother tried to abate reconciliation via pessimism and hate.
1. Grant, Neil and Al., The Daily Telegraphy Atlas of the World Today (London: The Daily Telegraph, 1978), pp.142/three.
2. Grant, Neil and Al., The Daily Atlas of the World, pp. Seventy eight/9.
3. Abbott-Smith, G., A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (Edinburgh: T and T. Clark Ltd., 1986), p. 20.
Four. Young, Robert., Analytical Concordance to the Bible (London: Lutterwork Press, 1970, pp.
5. Marshall, I. H. (Ed.), New Bible Dictionary (third Ed) Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1999), p.
6. Willmington, H. L., Willmington’s Guide to the Bible, 1984, pp. 1, four.
7. Wright, Christiper J. H., An Eye for An Eye (Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press, 1983). P.
8. Wright, Christiper J. H., An Eye for An Eye (Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press, 1983). P.
Nine. Yarbrough, R. W., “Forgiveness and Reconciliation” in New Dictionary of Biblical Theology
(Leicester: : Inter-Varsity Press, 2000). P. 498.
10. Young, Analytical Concordance to the Bible, p. 367.
Eleven. Allen, R. E. (Ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Current English (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989), p. 816.
12. Rytrrie, C.C., The Rytrie Study Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, 1978), p. 12.